Where his predecessor Horace utilized gentle ridicule and absurdism to point out the flaws and foibles of the Roman society, Juvenal engaged in savage personal attacks.
In the Middle Ages, the rediscovery of classical art and literature led to a revival of interest in satire as well. Satire in their work is much wider than in the modern sense of the word, including fantastic and highly coloured humorous writing with little or no real mocking intent.
The two main categories of satire are named for the Roman writers most closely associated with their respective satirical forms.
Clearly, government appointments have nothing to do with ability—this is a direct attack on the separation of Whigs and Tories in English culture.
Other important satirists in ancient Latin are Gaius Lucilius and Persius. Horace playfully mocked the societal norms of his day, and the satire named after him is clever, yet gentle. The disrespectful manner was considered "unchristian" and ignored, except for the moral satire, which mocked misbehaviour in Christian terms.
Twain hated slavery and used Huckleberry Finn to point out the inhumane way that slave-owners treated slaves. Mark Twain, considered one of the greatest writers in the English language, was fond of both Juvenalian and Horatian satire. It can be directly contrasted with Horatian satirewhich utilizes a much gentler form of ridicule to highlight folly or oddity.
Ad The primary weapons of Juvenalian satire are scorn and ridicule. Modern critics call the Greek playwright Aristophanes one of the best known early satirists: Horatian satire--After the Roman satirist Horace: Horace is the English name of the classical Roman poet and satiristwhose full Latin name was Quintus Horatius Flaccus.
The Papyrus Anastasi I  late 2nd millennium BC contains a satirical letter which first praises the virtues of its recipient, but then mocks the reader's meagre knowledge and achievements. With the advent of the High Middle Ages and the birth of modern vernacular literature in the 12th century, it began to be used again, most notably by Chaucer.
Irony--Saying one thing and meaning another. Juvenal was a poet active in the Roman Republic during the first century CE, best known for his bitter attacks on the public figures and institutions of the Republic, with which he disagreed.
This was fuelled by the rise of partisan politics, with the formalisation of the Tory and Whig parties—and also, inby the formation of the Scriblerus Clubwhich included Alexander PopeJonathan SwiftJohn GayJohn Arbuthnot.
Although Donne had already circulated satires in manuscript, Hall's was the first real attempt in English at verse satire on the Juvenalian model. Mark Twain, considered one of the greatest writers in the English language, was fond of both Juvenalian and Horatian satire. Swift was equally adept at either Horatian or Juvenalian satire.
This form of satire is still practiced in modern times by cartoonists, comedians and comedy writers. The American patriot and writer Benjamin Franklin also penned many works of Horatian satire, often working, like Swift, under pseudonyms.
While dealing with serious topics in what are now known as anthropologysociology and psychologyhe introduced a satirical approach, "based on the premise that, however serious the subject under review, it could be made more interesting and thus achieve greater effect, if only one leavened the lump of solemnity by the insertion of a few amusing anecdotes or by the throwing out of some witty or paradoxical observations.
They viewed comedy as simply the "art of reprehension", and made no reference to light and cheerful events, or troubled beginnings and happy endings, associated with classical Greek comedy.
This club included several of the notable satirists of earlyth-century Britain. Another satirical story based on this preference was an Arabian Nights tale called "Ali with the Large Member". In the Middle Ages, the rediscovery of classical art and literature led to a revival of interest in satire as well.
Juvenalian and Horatian Satire "Satire is a sort of glass, wherein beholders do generally discover everybody's face but their own; which is the chief reason for that kind of reception it meets in the world, and that so very few are offended with it.".
Juvenalian and Horatian Satire "Satire is a sort of glass, wherein beholders do generally discover everybody's face but their own; which is the chief reason for that kind of reception it meets in the world, and that so very few are offended with it." Jonathan Swift.
Nov 06, · Juvenalian satire is one of the two major divisions of satire, and is characterized by its bitter and abrasive nature. It can be directly contrasted with Horatian satire, which utilizes a much gentler form of ridicule to highlight folly or oddity.
Arguably, the three most common types of satire (Horatian, Juvenalian and Menippean) have now been intermingled and cross-pollinated to the extent where it’s not unknown for a modern work of satirical fiction to be a hybridised mongrel, of sorts.
Juvenalian satire: Juvenalian satire, in literature, any bitter and ironic criticism of contemporary persons and institutions that is filled with personal invective, angry moral indignation, and pessimism.
The name alludes to the Latin satirist Juvenal, who, in the 1st century ad, brilliantly denounced Roman. Nov 08, · Horatian satire is a literary term for lighthearted, gentle satire that points out general human failings.
It is usually contrasted with Juvenalian satire, which offers barbed jabs at specific immoral and corrupt behavior.Juvenalian and horatian satire