Pronoun and noun phrase

Modifiers are words, phrasesor clauses that provide description in sentences. For us the news is a concern. People who smoke should quit now. A string of words that can be replaced by a single pronoun without rendering the sentence grammatically unacceptable is a noun phrase.

Indefinite pronoun Indefinite pronouns, the largest group of pronouns, refer to one or more unspecified persons or things. In a structure such as "My mother is a lot like her," we have no trouble recognizing that "like" is acting as a preposition and we need the object form of the pronoun after it.

Those of the second type have traditionally also been described as possessive adjectivesand in more modern terminology as possessive determiners. She is looking very much happy, her face expressing a shine of happiness. They are used in relative clauses.

There are two sorts of nouns; one is called a noun substantive, and the other a noun adjective. They also function as arguments in such constructs as participial phrases and prepositional phrases. She has been studying all night.

The Modifier

Direct and indirect object pronouns, such as le and lui in French. Reflexive pronouns refer back to the subject of a sentence or clause and are formed by adding -self or -selves to a personal pronoun or possessive adjectiveas in myself, herself, ourselves, and itself. Dummy pronouns expletive pronounsused to satisfy a grammatical requirement for a noun or pronoun, but contributing nothing to meaning: However, many modern schools of syntax — especially those that have been influenced by X-bar theory — make no such restriction.

English uses the same forms as the reflexive pronouns; for example: The subject noun phrase that is present in this sentence is long. One group in English includes compounds of some- any- every- and no- with -thing, -one and -body, for example: Pronouns refer to either a noun that has already been mentioned or to a noun that does not need to be named specifically.

A pronoun is a word that is used instead of a noun or noun phrase. It has been the preferred analysis of noun phrases in the minimalist program from its start since the early sthough the arguments in its favor tend to be theory-internal. Examples of pronoun in a Sentence Recent Examples on the Web But their ability to follow a line of thought or figure out what a pronoun is referring to is limited.

For illustrations of different analyses of noun phrases depending on whether the DP hypothesis is rejected or accepted, see the next section.

Disjunctive pronounsused in isolation or in certain other special grammatical contexts, like moi in French. English uses ordinary object pronouns here: Relative pronoun Relative pronouns who, whom, whose, what, which and that refer back to people or things previously mentioned: Indefinite pronouns, such as everybody, either, none, and something, do not refer to a specific person or thing, and typically refer to an unidentified or unfamiliar person or thing.

The entire phrase serves as a noun in a sentence. The layered trees of many phrase structure grammars grant noun phrases an intricate structure that acknowledges a hierarchy of functional projections.

As adverb modifying verb: Prepositional pronounsused after a preposition. Mary looked at him. English personal pronouns have two cases, subject and object. Japanese and Turkish are more likely to place all modifiers before the head noun. Situations in which this is possible depend on the rules of the language in question; for English, see English articles.

Types of Phrases

Pepin and she, gave interesting talks. Dependency trees, first using the traditional NP approach, then using the DP approach: The election-year politics are annoying for many people.

Indefinite pronouns, such as everybody, either, none, and something, do not refer to a specific person or thing, and typically refer to an unidentified or unfamiliar person or thing. This is part of a strong tendency in English to place heavier constituents to the right, making English more of a head-initial language.

A noun phrase always includes a noun, which is a person, place, or thing; or a pronoun, which takes the place of a noun.

This pronoun can be a subject pronoun or an indefinite pronoun. Noun phrases are groups of two or more words within a sentence that function grammatically as nouns. They consist of a noun and other words that modify the noun. Some grammarians also consider a single-word noun to be a noun phrase, while more traditional grammars hold that a phrase must be made up of two or more words.

Full References. Nouns.

The Noun Phrase

Noun Pre-Modifiers. Noun Post-Modifiers. The Pronoun Test. Within Boxes: Testing for a Complete Noun Phrase. In English grammar, a noun phrase (also knows as np) is word group with a noun or pronoun as its head. The simplest noun phrase consists of a single noun, as in the sentence " Bells were ringing." The head of a noun phrase can be accompanied by modifiers, determiners (such as the, a, her), and/or complements, as in " The cheerful bells of.

A noun phrase or nominal phrase (abbreviated NP) is a phrase which has a noun (or indefinite pronoun) as its head, or which performs the same grammatical function as such a phrase. Noun phrases are very common cross-linguistically, and they may be the most frequently occurring phrase type.

Noun phrases often function as verb subjects and. Noun phrase definition, a construction that functions syntactically as a noun, consisting of a noun and any modifiers, as all the men in the room who are reading books, or of a noun substitute, as a pronoun.

Noun phrase

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Pronoun and noun phrase
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The Garden of Phrases